Retox Reactions in Adrenal Fatigue Syndrome – Part 1
Retoxification, or retox, is connected to the natural detoxification process of the body. Detoxification is the process of removing toxins from the body. It is a fundamental process of our cells during its respiratory cycle. The most basic form of nutrition and detoxification is breathing. On each complete breath oxygen is consumed as a nutrient. The body then produces carbon dioxide as a waste product which is expelled from the lungs. The body’s detoxification operates round the clock to keep unwanted compounds out.
If the body is overworked, exposed to a large number of toxic elements, or if the body is damaged, as in the case withAdrenal Fatigue Syndrome (AFS), our detoxification process can be affected and become dysfunctional.
Many alternative practitioners advocate a regular program of detoxification as a way to maintain optimum health. Overly aggressive detoxification, however, can create a unique set of unpleasant symptoms, collectively called detoxification reactions. Those who are weak or in advanced stages of AFS suffer from a more severe form of retoxification, or retox.
In alternative medicine, detoxification commonly refers to the removal of heavy metals, xenobiotics, cigarette smoke, medications, alcohol, caffeine, and pollutants from our body. This can be done through enemas, flushes, oral ingestion of certain herbs, intravenous therapy, heat therapy, fasting, and juicing, just to mention a few.
Detoxification is a process largely carried out by our liver where it filters, oxidizes, reduces, and conjugates the metabolite byproducts for excretion out of out body by way of urine, air, sweat, and feces comfortably.
There are two phases of detoxification carried out by the liver cells on contact with toxins. Phase 1 liver detoxification is carried out by fifty liver enzymes known as the cytochrome P450 enzyme system. Glutathione is also produced, which is then used during Phase 2 of the liver detoxification. It is during the Phase 2 detoxification that special processes such as methylation, glutathione conjugation, and sulfation take place. These two phases, though basically dissimilar, are complementary biochemically and facilitate the body processes which keep it clean at all times in order for us to feel good. If the glutathione level is low or if the liver’s P450 pathways are compromised or imbalanced, dysfunction will surface. Because the liver is a rather large organ with a large reserve capacity, one may not detect any dysfunction until the damage is well entrenched even when laboratory tests are still normal because they are not sensitive enough to detect early damages. One can also be in a subclinical state of liver dysfunction and be symptomatic and have routine liver laboratory testing be normal.
Generally, the actions of the enzymes during Phase 1 detoxification reduces the chemical toxicity of pollutants. Phase 2 is needed because some of the post Phase 1 metabolic byproduct compounds can be more toxic than the original compound. This phenomenon is called bioactivation. It is with the Phase 2 detoxification process that such chemicals are turned into harmless compounds and eliminated from the body. Any dysfunction or imbalance in Phase 1 and Phase 2 detoxification will lead to improper detoxification, resulting in increased toxin load within the body, triggering symptoms of endocrine, nervous system, immune, and other organ toxicities.
Bioactivation is a key concept to understand as its presence indicates increased toxic load and is a contributing factor of a more severe form of detoxification reaction called retox reaction.
Problems also arise when a normal liver has reached its maximum metabolic workload when stressed. Examples of stressors can include toxic chemical fumes, infection, or medications. If stressors are not removed the liver can start decompensating. This occurs during advanced stages of AFS. Unprocessed toxins waiting for breakdown may accumulate as a result and partially metabolize and a bio-activated toxic load buildup causes havoc within our body.
Remember that the body is constantly undergoing a detoxification process. Only when there is a sudden imbalance in this process will a detoxification reaction be triggered. Three common triggers are:
- Administration of antibiotics or certain diet regimes which can cause a sudden large-scale die-off of bacteria. A significant amount of toxins stored within the actual bacteria is released. This sudden flood of toxins can trigger a detoxification reaction.
- Detoxification programs that cause the organs in the body (particularly the liver, which is a warehouse of drug and poison residues and metabolites) to purge their stored poisons and toxins can be a trigger. Our cells suddenly have an opportunity to release an even greater than normal quantity of stored toxins, metabolic wastes, pathogens and unwanted material. Examples include colon cleansing, liver flushes, aggressive use of anti-viral herbs, immune enhancers, and pathogen destroyers can all trigger a bacterial detoxification reaction, especially if one is weak.
- Weight loss programs such as fasting or the use of weight-loss herbs can cause a rapid breakdown of fat cells (which are a storehouse for toxins) and trigger detoxification reaction.
Detoxification reactions also go by different names including healing reactions, healing crises, die-off, cleansing reactions, or Herxheimer reactions.
As mentioned above, the normal detoxification process is automated by the body and works continuously without us knowing. If aggressive detoxification modalities are administered and the body is not ready, there may be a sudden surge of toxic metabolic load in the body. In a normal healthy person, the body rebalances itself automatically by increasing its excretion mechanism to help get rid of toxin overload. No symptoms are felt.
Sometimes you may hear of healthy people feeling drained or exhausted after a hot yoga or sauna session, or after taking part in a liver cleanse, enema, or fasting protocol. It may take them anywhere from a few hours to a day or two to regain their composure. This is an early warning sign that the body’s detoxification process may be reaching its maximum workload. More rest is needed and the body will usually return fully to baseline function within a few days.
Those who are weak, or in early stages of AFS, fare worse as the body’s detoxification process is strained. A full-fledged detoxification reaction may occur, with symptoms that include fatigue, brain fog, anxiety, skin eruptions, diarrhea, bloating, stomach cramps, joint pain, low-grade fever, gastric discomfort, and headache. These generally resolve over time, but it can take upwards of one to two weeks. The first one to two days may be incapacitating.
The term retoxification, or retox, is generally used in the general public when a person resumes the consumption of alcohol, caffeine or other addictive substances after undergoing detoxification for those who are healthy. In the case of Adrenal Fatigue Syndrome, it refers to the body becoming retoxified as it is undergoing the normal automated detoxification process mentioned previously. In other words, additional insults above and beyond that of the normal detoxification process are levied on the body.
Retox reaction is a more severe form of detoxification reaction. A retox reaction is seldom experienced by normal healthy people or those in mild or early stages of AFS because the body possesses adequate reserves to compensate and adjust for the increased toxic load automatically. This, however, is a common occurrence for those in advanced stages of AFS or who are chronically ill and weak.
For example, sauna or hot yoga is a good detoxification modality, which uses heat. With heat, the blood vessels tend to dilate and toxins are released in the form of sweat. Normal people feel relaxed during sauna, invigorated afterward, and come away energized. Those in early stages of AFS don’t do quite as well. The toxic load within increases and improper or slowed speed of toxic clearance from the body may lead to a brief period of mild fatigue, headache, and lethargy. This detoxification reaction is usually self-limiting. After a few hours of rest, the body regains its posture and energy fully returns.
The same cannot be said for those in advanced stages of AFS (stages 3 and 4). For these individuals, even a few minutes within a sauna or under direct sunlight may be too much. Most are unaware of the damage within until they either stay too long or after the session is over. They experience what is called a retoxification reaction. Instead of feeling good the heart rate goes up and continues to stay up for hours. Headaches, fatigue, and lethargy can last for days. Insomnia and hypoglycemia may be triggered that can go on for weeks or even months. In severe cases, one could be incapacitated.
A retoxification reaction, therefore, may be considered a severe form of detoxification reaction afflicting primarily those who are weak. Both are part of the toxic continuum but have important distinctions.
The term retoxification reaction denotes the underlying pathophysiology process of a body under multiple insults and repeated damage from toxin overload. In addition to the increased release of normal metabolic byproducts during a detoxification process, the body is further damaged by the onslaught of highly toxic bio-activation of partially metabolized components not properly funneled to the next level of the normal detoxification process for neutralization. On top of that, there is usually significant congestion at the extracellular matrix that leads to retarded recovery.
© Copyright 2015 Michael Lam, M.D. All Rights Reserved.
Dr. Lam’s Key Question
What are the benefits and dangers of doing a coffee enema?
Benefits: The coffee enema increases bile flow and removes toxins in the large intestine so they will not be absorbed. Dangers: Fatigue, headache, and stomach ache are symptoms of a coffee enema because the body can not rid the toxins quick enough.
Just wanted to check in and update you on my progress and my situation. I'm still using certain AFS supplements from Supplement Clinic, along with other supplements that work for me. As always, thanks for all your support and teaching along the way. It continues to serve me every day.